The Resource Astrophysics with Radioactive Isotopes, edited by Roland Diehl, Dieter H. Hartmann, Nikos Prantzos, (electronic resource)

Astrophysics with Radioactive Isotopes, edited by Roland Diehl, Dieter H. Hartmann, Nikos Prantzos, (electronic resource)

Label
Astrophysics with Radioactive Isotopes
Title
Astrophysics with Radioactive Isotopes
Statement of responsibility
edited by Roland Diehl, Dieter H. Hartmann, Nikos Prantzos
Contributor
Editor
Editor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
Dealing with astrophysics derived from the radiation emitted by radioactive atomic nuclei, this book describes the different methods used to measure cosmic radio-isotopes. It demonstrates how this astronomical window has contributed to the understanding of the sources and the chemical evolution of cosmic gas. Reference materials and explanations are included for students in advanced stages of their education. Nuclear reactions in different sites across the universe lead to the production of stable and unstable nuclei. Their abundances can be measured through different methods, allowing to study the various nuclear processes taking place in cosmic environments. Nucleosynthesis is the cosmic formation of new nuclear species, starting from hydrogen and helium resulting from the big bang origins. Stars create and eject synthesized nuclei during their evolution and explosions. Incorporation of the new interstellar composition into next-generation stars characterises the compositional (chemical) evolution of cosmic gas in and between galaxies. Radioactive species have unique messages about how this occurs. Since the first Edition of this book published in 2011 with the title Astronomy with Radioactivities, long-awaited new direct observations of supernova radioactivity have been made and are now addressed in two updated chapters dealing with supernovae. In this second Edition, the advances of recent years beyond one-dimensional treatments of stellar structure and stellar explosions towards 3-dimensional models have been included, and led to significant re-writings in Chapters 3-5. The sections on the Solar System origins have been re-written to account for new insights into the evolution of giant molecular clouds. The chapter on diffuse radioactivities now also includes material measurements of radioactivities in the current solar system, and their interpretations for recent nucleosynthesis activity in our Galaxy. Significant new results on gamma-rays from positron annihilations have been accounted for in that chapter, and led to new links with nucleosynthesis sources as well as interstellar transport processes. A new chapter now provides a description of interstellar processes often called 'chemical evolution', thus linking the creation of new nuclei to their abundance observations in gas and stars. The experimental / instrumental chapters on nuclear reaction measurements, on gamma-ray telescopes, and pre-solar grain laboratories have been updated. Moreover, new windows of astronomy that have been opened up in recent years have been included in the discussions of the multi-messenger approach that broadens the basis for astrophysical insights
Member of
Dewey number
523.01
http://bibfra.me/vocab/relation/httpidlocgovvocabularyrelatorsedt
  • 16kR-rnUvaU
  • e2NyN7WI9nE
  • FFzCReJKw6s
LC call number
QB460-466
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Diehl, Roland.
  • Hartmann, Dieter H.
  • Prantzos, Nikos.
Series statement
Astrophysics and Space Science Library,
Series volume
453
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Nuclear physics
  • Astrophysics and Astroparticles
  • Nuclear Physics, Heavy Ions, Hadrons
Label
Astrophysics with Radioactive Isotopes, edited by Roland Diehl, Dieter H. Hartmann, Nikos Prantzos, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Part I The Role of Radioactivities in Astrophysics -- Introduction to Astronomy With Radioactivity -- The Role of Radioactive Isotopes in Astrophysics -- Part II Specific Sources of Cosmic Isotopes -- Radioactivities in Low-and Intermediate-Mass Stars -- Massive Stars and their Supernovae -- Binary Systems and Their Nuclear Explosions -- Part III Special Places to Observe Cosmic Isotopes -- Distributed Radioactivities -- Part IV Tools for the Study of Radioactivities in Astrophysics -- Nuclear Reactions -- Instruments for Observations of Radioactivities -- Part V Epilogue -- Perspectives -- Annotations on Chemical Evolution -- Radionuclides and Their Stellar Origins -- Milestones in the Science of Cosmic Radioactivities -- Glossary: Key Terms in Astronomy With Radioactivities -- Index
Dimensions
unknown
Edition
Second edition.
Extent
1 online resource (679 pages).
Form of item
online
Isbn
9783319919294
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other control number
10.1007/978-3-319-91929-4
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)4100000007003104
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC5553262
  • (DE-He213)978-3-319-91929-4
  • (EXLCZ)994100000007003104
Label
Astrophysics with Radioactive Isotopes, edited by Roland Diehl, Dieter H. Hartmann, Nikos Prantzos, (electronic resource)
Publication
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Color
multicolored
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Part I The Role of Radioactivities in Astrophysics -- Introduction to Astronomy With Radioactivity -- The Role of Radioactive Isotopes in Astrophysics -- Part II Specific Sources of Cosmic Isotopes -- Radioactivities in Low-and Intermediate-Mass Stars -- Massive Stars and their Supernovae -- Binary Systems and Their Nuclear Explosions -- Part III Special Places to Observe Cosmic Isotopes -- Distributed Radioactivities -- Part IV Tools for the Study of Radioactivities in Astrophysics -- Nuclear Reactions -- Instruments for Observations of Radioactivities -- Part V Epilogue -- Perspectives -- Annotations on Chemical Evolution -- Radionuclides and Their Stellar Origins -- Milestones in the Science of Cosmic Radioactivities -- Glossary: Key Terms in Astronomy With Radioactivities -- Index
Dimensions
unknown
Edition
Second edition.
Extent
1 online resource (679 pages).
Form of item
online
Isbn
9783319919294
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other control number
10.1007/978-3-319-91929-4
Sound
unknown sound
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)4100000007003104
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC5553262
  • (DE-He213)978-3-319-91929-4
  • (EXLCZ)994100000007003104

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