The Resource Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations, Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis

Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations, Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis

Label
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations
Title
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations
Statement of responsibility
Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis
Creator
Contributor
Author
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
The ability to measure emergency preparedness-to predict the likely performance of emergency response systems in future events-is critical for policy analysis in homeland security. Yet it remains difficult to know how prepared a response system is to deal with large-scale incidents, whether it be a natural disaster, terrorist attack, or industrial or transportation accident. This research draws on the fields of systems analysis and engineering to apply the concept of system reliability to the evaluation of emergency response systems. The authors describe a method for modeling an emergency response system; identifying how individual parts of the system might fail; and assessing the likelihood of each failure and the severity of its effects on the overall response effort. The authors walk the reader through two applications of this method: a simplified example in which responders must deliver medical treatment to a certain number of people in a specified time window, and a more complex scenario involving the release of chlorine gas. The authors also describe an exploratory analysis in which they parsed a set of after-action reports describing real-world incidents, to demonstrate how this method can be used to quantitatively analyze data on past response performance. The authors conclude with a discussion of how this method of measuring emergency response system reliability could inform policy discussion of emergency preparedness, how system reliability might be improved, and the costs of doing so
Cataloging source
CstmoR
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1972-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Jackson, Brian A.
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
LC call number
HV551.3
LC item number
.J328 2010
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Sullivan, Kay.
  • Willis, Henry H.
  • Rand Infrastructure, Safety, and Environment (Organization)
  • Rand Corporation
  • Rand Corporation
  • United States
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Assistance in emergencies
  • Emergency management
  • Incident command systems
  • Preparedness
Label
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations, Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis
Link
http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG994/
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • "RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center."
  • "This research was conducted under the auspices of the RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center"--Page IV
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 193-199)
Carrier category
  • online resource
  • volume
Carrier category code
  • cr
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
  • rdacarrier
  • rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction: Measurement and emergency preparedness -- Defining and demonstrating response reliability analysis -- Describing a chlorine release scenario and relevant response parameters -- A simplified model of an emergency response to a chlorine release -- Exploring what can go wrong during a chlorine response operation: identifying relevant failure modes -- Assessing the probability, effects, and severity of failure modes: an exploratory analysis using response after-action reports -- Concluding observations -- Appendix A: Approximating response reliability curves -- Appendix B: Correspondence between the chlorine response model used in this analysis and other ways of categorizing or organizing response operations -- Appendix C: Description of components of the RAND Chlorine Response Model not covered in the text -- Appendix D: Failure trees for all elements of the response model -- Appendix E: Counts of failure modes identified per analyzed after-action report -- Appendix F: List of after-action reports reviewed and analyzed
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780833050052
Isbn Type
(pbk. : alk. paper)
Lccn
2010024680
Media category
  • computer
  • unmediated
Media MARC source
  • rdamedia
  • rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
  • n
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (Sirsi) a595199
  • (RAND)rnd000000000043928
Label
Evaluating the reliability of emergency response systems for large-scale incident operations, Brian A. Jackson, Kay Sullivan Faith, Henry H. Willis
Link
http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG994/
Publication
Note
  • "RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center."
  • "This research was conducted under the auspices of the RAND Homeland Security and Defense Center"--Page IV
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (p. 193-199)
Carrier category
  • online resource
  • volume
Carrier category code
  • cr
  • nc
Carrier MARC source
  • rdacarrier
  • rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Contents
Introduction: Measurement and emergency preparedness -- Defining and demonstrating response reliability analysis -- Describing a chlorine release scenario and relevant response parameters -- A simplified model of an emergency response to a chlorine release -- Exploring what can go wrong during a chlorine response operation: identifying relevant failure modes -- Assessing the probability, effects, and severity of failure modes: an exploratory analysis using response after-action reports -- Concluding observations -- Appendix A: Approximating response reliability curves -- Appendix B: Correspondence between the chlorine response model used in this analysis and other ways of categorizing or organizing response operations -- Appendix C: Description of components of the RAND Chlorine Response Model not covered in the text -- Appendix D: Failure trees for all elements of the response model -- Appendix E: Counts of failure modes identified per analyzed after-action report -- Appendix F: List of after-action reports reviewed and analyzed
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource
Form of item
online
Isbn
9780833050052
Isbn Type
(pbk. : alk. paper)
Lccn
2010024680
Media category
  • computer
  • unmediated
Media MARC source
  • rdamedia
  • rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
  • n
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (Sirsi) a595199
  • (RAND)rnd000000000043928

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