The Resource Judgment and decision making as a skill : learning, development, and evolution, edited by Mandeep K. Dhami, Anne Schlottmann, and Michael R. Waldmann, (electronic resource)

Judgment and decision making as a skill : learning, development, and evolution, edited by Mandeep K. Dhami, Anne Schlottmann, and Michael R. Waldmann, (electronic resource)

Label
Judgment and decision making as a skill : learning, development, and evolution
Title
Judgment and decision making as a skill
Title remainder
learning, development, and evolution
Statement of responsibility
edited by Mandeep K. Dhami, Anne Schlottmann, and Michael R. Waldmann
Contributor
Subject
Language
eng
Summary
  • "This book presents a comprehensive review of emerging theories and research on the dynamic nature of human judgment and decision making (JDM). Leading researchers in the fields of JDM, cognitive development, human learning and neuroscience discuss short-term and long-term changes in JDM skills. The authors consider how such skills increase and decline on a developmental scale in children, adolescents and the elderly; how they may be learned; and how JDM skills can be improved and aided. In addition, beyond these behavioral approaches to understanding JDM as a skill, the book provides fascinating new insights from recent evolutionary and neuropsychological approaches. The authors identify opportunities for future research on the acquisition and changing nature of JDM. In a concluding chapter, eminent past presidents of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making provide personal reflections and perspectives on the notion of JDM as a dynamic skill"--
  • "Our scientific understanding of human Judgment and Decision Making (JDM) has grown considerably over the past 60 years in terms of the normative benchmarks (or standards) by which we assess performance, the descriptive models we use to describe JDM, and the prescriptive solutions we offer to improve JDM. Indeed, policy and practice in several domains such as education, management, and medicine have benefited from the findings of JDM research. Nevertheless, the vast majority of the theoretical literature and empirical research has discussed human JDM with little reference to its changing or dynamic nature. This is partly due to the historic coincidence that the field of JDM developed in competition with static economic models, such as expected utility theory, and to limiting methodological commitments such as investigating JDM in single-trial, cross-sectional studies with the primary focus on cognitively fully functioning adults"--
Assigning source
  • Provided by publisher
  • Provided by publisher
Cataloging source
DLC
Dewey number
153.8/3
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
LC call number
BF447
LC item number
.J833 2012
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1972-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
  • Dhami, Mandeep K.
  • Schlottmann, Anne
  • Waldmann, Michael
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Judgment
  • Decision making
Label
Judgment and decision making as a skill : learning, development, and evolution, edited by Mandeep K. Dhami, Anne Schlottmann, and Michael R. Waldmann, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Description based upon print version of record
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Contents
  • Cover; Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill: Learning, Development and Evolution; Title; Copyright; Contents; Figures; Contributors; Preface; Acknowledgments; Chapter cross-reference table; Part I Evolutionary and neural bases of JDM; 1 The evolved foundations of decision making; Introduction; The evolved foundations of decision making; Adaptive goals; Evolved capacities and heuristics; Capacities; Building blocks; Heuristics; Information structure in the environment; Shaping goals, tools, and behaviors; Adaptively important decision domains
  • Evolutionarily important decision-making problems at the level of the individualEvolutionarily important decision-making problems at the level of the social group; Rational vs. irrational vs. evolved decision making; When adaptive benefits outweigh irrational costs - error management theory; When evolved mechanisms act in appropriate environments - ecological rationality; Profiting from an evolutionary perspective: the case of the hot-hand phenomenon; Conclusions: how to evolutionize JDM research; References; 2 Neural bases of judgment and decision making; Introduction
  • Neuroscience and the logic and prospect of explanationDecision making under risk; Risky choice: role of emotion; Risky choice: action versus anticipation; Risky choice: gains versus losses; Neural bases of risky choice: conclusions; Probability judgment and base-rate neglect; Epistemic judgments and belief bias; Decision making in economic games; General conclusion; References; Appendix; fMRI: a few basic facts; Part II Developmental approaches to JDM; 3 Judgment and decision making in young children; Introduction; Can children distinguish deterministic and probabilistic events?
  • Can children understand probability?Can children understand expected value?; Within-outcome EV: precocious multiplication?; Across-outcome EV: subadditivity caused by a serial strategy?; Across-outcome EV: averaging versus adding; Origins of the probability-value link; Judgment versus choice; Learning about probability; Probability matching and event sampling; Belief revision in event sampling; Theoretical probability intuitions in infants?; Heuristics and biases in childhood; Summary, open questions, and conclusions; References; 4 Judgment and decision making in adolescents; Acknowledgments
  • IntroductionNormative analysis: how should adolescents make decisions?; Assessing beliefs; Assessing values; Combining beliefs and values to make choices; Potential shortcomings; Descriptive analysis: how do adolescents make decisions?; Assessing beliefs; Assessing values; Combining beliefs and values; Potential shortcomings; Prescriptive analysis: how can we improve adoleacent's decisions?; Programs targeting adolescent health behaviors; Programs targeting adolescent decision making; Potential shortcomings; Summary and conclusions; References; 5 Aging and decision skills; Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (330 p.)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781139206167
Media category
computer
Media type code
c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)2670000000131836
  • (EBL)824436
  • (OCoLC)776905367
  • (SSID)ssj0000572474
  • (PQKBManifestationID)11330560
  • (PQKBTitleCode)TC0000572474
  • (PQKBWorkID)10530000
  • (PQKB)11042274
  • (UkCbUP)CR9781139015684
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC824436
  • (EXLCZ)992670000000131836
Label
Judgment and decision making as a skill : learning, development, and evolution, edited by Mandeep K. Dhami, Anne Schlottmann, and Michael R. Waldmann, (electronic resource)
Publication
Note
Description based upon print version of record
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Contents
  • Cover; Judgment and Decision Making as a Skill: Learning, Development and Evolution; Title; Copyright; Contents; Figures; Contributors; Preface; Acknowledgments; Chapter cross-reference table; Part I Evolutionary and neural bases of JDM; 1 The evolved foundations of decision making; Introduction; The evolved foundations of decision making; Adaptive goals; Evolved capacities and heuristics; Capacities; Building blocks; Heuristics; Information structure in the environment; Shaping goals, tools, and behaviors; Adaptively important decision domains
  • Evolutionarily important decision-making problems at the level of the individualEvolutionarily important decision-making problems at the level of the social group; Rational vs. irrational vs. evolved decision making; When adaptive benefits outweigh irrational costs - error management theory; When evolved mechanisms act in appropriate environments - ecological rationality; Profiting from an evolutionary perspective: the case of the hot-hand phenomenon; Conclusions: how to evolutionize JDM research; References; 2 Neural bases of judgment and decision making; Introduction
  • Neuroscience and the logic and prospect of explanationDecision making under risk; Risky choice: role of emotion; Risky choice: action versus anticipation; Risky choice: gains versus losses; Neural bases of risky choice: conclusions; Probability judgment and base-rate neglect; Epistemic judgments and belief bias; Decision making in economic games; General conclusion; References; Appendix; fMRI: a few basic facts; Part II Developmental approaches to JDM; 3 Judgment and decision making in young children; Introduction; Can children distinguish deterministic and probabilistic events?
  • Can children understand probability?Can children understand expected value?; Within-outcome EV: precocious multiplication?; Across-outcome EV: subadditivity caused by a serial strategy?; Across-outcome EV: averaging versus adding; Origins of the probability-value link; Judgment versus choice; Learning about probability; Probability matching and event sampling; Belief revision in event sampling; Theoretical probability intuitions in infants?; Heuristics and biases in childhood; Summary, open questions, and conclusions; References; 4 Judgment and decision making in adolescents; Acknowledgments
  • IntroductionNormative analysis: how should adolescents make decisions?; Assessing beliefs; Assessing values; Combining beliefs and values to make choices; Potential shortcomings; Descriptive analysis: how do adolescents make decisions?; Assessing beliefs; Assessing values; Combining beliefs and values; Potential shortcomings; Prescriptive analysis: how can we improve adoleacent's decisions?; Programs targeting adolescent health behaviors; Programs targeting adolescent decision making; Potential shortcomings; Summary and conclusions; References; 5 Aging and decision skills; Acknowledgments
  • Introduction
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (330 p.)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781139206167
Media category
computer
Media type code
c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)2670000000131836
  • (EBL)824436
  • (OCoLC)776905367
  • (SSID)ssj0000572474
  • (PQKBManifestationID)11330560
  • (PQKBTitleCode)TC0000572474
  • (PQKBWorkID)10530000
  • (PQKB)11042274
  • (UkCbUP)CR9781139015684
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC824436
  • (EXLCZ)992670000000131836

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