The Resource New theories and predictions on the ozone hole and climate change, Qing-Bin Lu

New theories and predictions on the ozone hole and climate change, Qing-Bin Lu

Label
New theories and predictions on the ozone hole and climate change
Title
New theories and predictions on the ozone hole and climate change
Statement of responsibility
Qing-Bin Lu
Creator
Author
Subject
Genre
Language
  • eng
  • eng
Summary
"This monograph reviews the establishment of new theories of the ozone hole and global climate change, two major scientific problems of global concern. It provides a comprehensive overview of the author's work including significant discoveries and pioneering contributions, such as the discovery of extremely effective dissociative electron transfer reactions of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) adsorbed on ice surfaces and its implications for atmospheric ozone depletion; the proposal of the cosmic-ray-driven electron-induced-reaction (CRE) theory for the ozone hole; the predictions of 11-year cyclic variations in polar ozone loss and stratospheric cooling; the discovery of the nearly perfect linear correlation between CFCs and global surface temperature; the proposal of the CFC theory for modern global warming; the discovery of greenhouse-gas-specific climate sensitivity and the parameter-free calculation of global surface temperature change caused by CFCs; the prediction of global cooling; and so on. Unlike conventional atmospheric and climate models, the author's theoretical models were established on robust observed data rather than computer simulations with multiple parameters. The new theories have shown the best agreements with the observed data within 10% uncertainties. This book highlights the scientific understandings of the world-concerned problems from the unique point of view of a physicist who seeks theories with great simplicity and superior predictive capacity. This book is self-contained and unified in presentation. It may be used as an advanced book by graduate students and even ambitious undergraduates in physics, chemistry, environmental and climate sciences. It is also suitable for non-expert readers and policy makers who wish to have an overview of the sciences behind atmospheric ozone depletion and global climate change."--
Assigning source
Provided by publisher
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Lu, Qing-Bin
Dewey number
363.73874
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
index present
Language note
English
LC call number
QC879.7
LC item number
.L8 2015
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Chlorofluorocarbons
  • Global warming
  • Ozone layer depletion
  • Climatic changes
Label
New theories and predictions on the ozone hole and climate change, Qing-Bin Lu
Instantiates
Publication
Copyright
Note
Description based upon print version of record
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Contents
  • Contents; Dedication; Preface; Acknowledgments; List of Abbreviations; Chapter 1 Basic Physics and Chemistry of the Earth's Atmosphere; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 The Earth's atmosphere; 1.2.1 Atmospheric compositions; 1.2.2 Atmosphereic layers; 1.2.3 Atmospheric temperature profile; 1.3 Radiation in the atmosphere; 1.3.1 Solar radiation; 1.3.1.1 Solar activities; 1.3.1.2 Solar Cycle; 1.3.2 Cosmic ray radiation; 1.3.2.1 Discovery and early research; 1.3.2.2 Primary cosmic ray composition and energy distribution; 1.3.2.3 Secondary cosmic rays and solar cosmic rays
  • 1.3.2.4 Cosmic ray flux in Earth's atmosphere1.3.3 Terrestrial radiation; 1.4 Photon interactions with atmospheric molecules; 1.4.1 Photoexcitation; 1.4.2 Photodissociation; 1.4.3 Photoionization; 1.5 Atmospheric ionization; 1.5.1 Ionization in the upper atmosphere; 1.5.2 Ionization in the stratosphere and troposphere; 1.6 Ion chemistry in the atmosphere below 100 km; 1.6.1 D-region (50-80 km); 1.6.2 Stratosphere and troposphere (below 50 km); 1.6.3 Ultrafast reactions with prehydrated electrons; 1.7 Concluding remarks; Chapter 2 Interactions of Electrons with Atmospheric Molecules
  • 2.1 Introduction2.2 Electron interactions with molecules; 2.3 Negative ion resonances in electron-molecule interactions; 2.3.1 Dissociative electron attachment (DEA) in the gas phase; 2.3.2 DEAs in liquid and solid phases; 2.4 Examples of negative ion resonances of atmospheric molecules; 2.4.1 Nitrogen (N2); 2.4.2 Oxygen (O2); 2.4.3 Nitrogen monoxide (N2O); 2.4.4 Nitrogen oxygen (NO2); 2.4.5 Halogen-containing molecules; 2.5 Concluding remarks; Chapter 3 Conventional Understanding of Ozone Depletion; 3.1 The ozone layer and its formation; 3.2 The observation of the ozone hole
  • 3.2.1 The early observation3.2.2 The Antarctic ozone hole; 3.3 Photochemical models of ozone depletion; 3.3.1 Catalytic destruction of ozone by HOx; 3.3.2 Catalytic destruction of ozone by odd nitrogen; 3.3.3 Catalytic destruction of ozone by halogen; 3.3.4 Heterogeneous chemical reactions in the polar stratosphere; 3.3.5 Summary of mechanisms for polar ozone loss; 3.4 Montreal Protocol; 3.5 Photochemical models versus observations; 3.6 Concluding remarks; Chapter 4 The Cosmic-Ray-Driven Theory of the Ozone Hole: Laboratory Observations; 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Dissociative electron attachment to halogenated gases4.3 Discovery of extremely effective dissociative electron transfer (DET) of halogenated molecules on ice; 4.3.1 DET vs DEA; 4.3.2 Electron-stimulated desorption (ESD) experiments of CFCs adsorbed on ice surfaces; 4.3.3 Proposal of a dissociative electron transfer (DET) mechanism; 4.3.4 Observations of DET reactions from electron trapping measurements; 4.3.5 Observations of DET from femtosecond time-resolved laser spectroscopic measurements; 4.3.6 DEA/DET reactions of ClONO2; 4.3.7 Temperature dependent DEA/DET cross section
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (308 p.)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789814619455
Media category
computer
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)3710000000438318
  • (EBL)4420790
  • (SSID)ssj0001457066
  • (PQKBManifestationID)12623600
  • (PQKBTitleCode)TC0001457066
  • (PQKBWorkID)11435784
  • (PQKB)10637132
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC4420790
  • (WSP)00009286
  • (EXLCZ)993710000000438318
Label
New theories and predictions on the ozone hole and climate change, Qing-Bin Lu
Publication
Copyright
Note
Description based upon print version of record
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Contents
  • Contents; Dedication; Preface; Acknowledgments; List of Abbreviations; Chapter 1 Basic Physics and Chemistry of the Earth's Atmosphere; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 The Earth's atmosphere; 1.2.1 Atmospheric compositions; 1.2.2 Atmosphereic layers; 1.2.3 Atmospheric temperature profile; 1.3 Radiation in the atmosphere; 1.3.1 Solar radiation; 1.3.1.1 Solar activities; 1.3.1.2 Solar Cycle; 1.3.2 Cosmic ray radiation; 1.3.2.1 Discovery and early research; 1.3.2.2 Primary cosmic ray composition and energy distribution; 1.3.2.3 Secondary cosmic rays and solar cosmic rays
  • 1.3.2.4 Cosmic ray flux in Earth's atmosphere1.3.3 Terrestrial radiation; 1.4 Photon interactions with atmospheric molecules; 1.4.1 Photoexcitation; 1.4.2 Photodissociation; 1.4.3 Photoionization; 1.5 Atmospheric ionization; 1.5.1 Ionization in the upper atmosphere; 1.5.2 Ionization in the stratosphere and troposphere; 1.6 Ion chemistry in the atmosphere below 100 km; 1.6.1 D-region (50-80 km); 1.6.2 Stratosphere and troposphere (below 50 km); 1.6.3 Ultrafast reactions with prehydrated electrons; 1.7 Concluding remarks; Chapter 2 Interactions of Electrons with Atmospheric Molecules
  • 2.1 Introduction2.2 Electron interactions with molecules; 2.3 Negative ion resonances in electron-molecule interactions; 2.3.1 Dissociative electron attachment (DEA) in the gas phase; 2.3.2 DEAs in liquid and solid phases; 2.4 Examples of negative ion resonances of atmospheric molecules; 2.4.1 Nitrogen (N2); 2.4.2 Oxygen (O2); 2.4.3 Nitrogen monoxide (N2O); 2.4.4 Nitrogen oxygen (NO2); 2.4.5 Halogen-containing molecules; 2.5 Concluding remarks; Chapter 3 Conventional Understanding of Ozone Depletion; 3.1 The ozone layer and its formation; 3.2 The observation of the ozone hole
  • 3.2.1 The early observation3.2.2 The Antarctic ozone hole; 3.3 Photochemical models of ozone depletion; 3.3.1 Catalytic destruction of ozone by HOx; 3.3.2 Catalytic destruction of ozone by odd nitrogen; 3.3.3 Catalytic destruction of ozone by halogen; 3.3.4 Heterogeneous chemical reactions in the polar stratosphere; 3.3.5 Summary of mechanisms for polar ozone loss; 3.4 Montreal Protocol; 3.5 Photochemical models versus observations; 3.6 Concluding remarks; Chapter 4 The Cosmic-Ray-Driven Theory of the Ozone Hole: Laboratory Observations; 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Dissociative electron attachment to halogenated gases4.3 Discovery of extremely effective dissociative electron transfer (DET) of halogenated molecules on ice; 4.3.1 DET vs DEA; 4.3.2 Electron-stimulated desorption (ESD) experiments of CFCs adsorbed on ice surfaces; 4.3.3 Proposal of a dissociative electron transfer (DET) mechanism; 4.3.4 Observations of DET reactions from electron trapping measurements; 4.3.5 Observations of DET from femtosecond time-resolved laser spectroscopic measurements; 4.3.6 DEA/DET reactions of ClONO2; 4.3.7 Temperature dependent DEA/DET cross section
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (308 p.)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9789814619455
Media category
computer
Media type code
  • c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)3710000000438318
  • (EBL)4420790
  • (SSID)ssj0001457066
  • (PQKBManifestationID)12623600
  • (PQKBTitleCode)TC0001457066
  • (PQKBWorkID)11435784
  • (PQKB)10637132
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC4420790
  • (WSP)00009286
  • (EXLCZ)993710000000438318

Library Locations

  • Albert D. Cohen Management LibraryBorrow it
    181 Freedman Crescent, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 5V4, CA
    49.807878 -97.129961
  • Architecture/Fine Arts LibraryBorrow it
    84 Curry Place, Winnipeg, MB, CA
    49.807716 -97.136226
  • Archives and Special CollectionsBorrow it
    25 Chancellors Circle (Elizabeth Dafoe Library), Room 330, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, CA
    49.809961 -97.131878
  • Bibliothèque Alfred-Monnin (Université de Saint-Boniface)Borrow it
    200, avenue de la Cathédrale, Local 2110, Winnipeg, MB, R2H 0H7, CA
    49.888861 -97.119735
  • Bill Larson Library (Grace Hospital)Borrow it
    300 Booth Drive, G-227, Winnipeg, MB, R3J 3M7, CA
    49.882400 -97.276436
  • Carolyn Sifton - Helene Fuld Library (St. Boniface General Hospital)Borrow it
    409 Tache Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R2H 2A6, CA
    49.883388 -97.126050
  • Concordia Hospital LibraryBorrow it
    1095 Concordia Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R2K 3S8, CA
    49.913252 -97.064683
  • Donald W. Craik Engineering LibraryBorrow it
    75B Chancellors Circle (Engineering Building E3), Room 361, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, CA
    49.809053 -97.133292
  • E.K. Williams Law LibraryBorrow it
    224 Dysart Road, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 5V4, CA
    49.811829 -97.131017
  • Eckhardt-Gramatté Music LibraryBorrow it
    136 Dafoe Road (Taché Arts Complex), Room 257, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, CA
    49.807964 -97.132222
  • Elizabeth Dafoe LibraryBorrow it
    25 Chancellors Circle, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, CA
    49.809961 -97.131878
  • Fr. H. Drake Library (St. Paul's College)Borrow it
    70 Dysart Road, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2M6, CA
    49.810605 -97.138184
  • J.W. Crane Memorial Library (Deer Lodge Centre)Borrow it
    2109 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R3J 0L3, CA
    49.878000 -97.235520
  • Libraries Annex (not open to the public; please see web page for details)Borrow it
    25 Chancellors Circle (in the Elizabeth Dafoe Library), Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2N2, CA
    49.809961 -97.131878
  • Neil John Maclean Health Sciences LibraryBorrow it
    727 McDermot Avenue (Brodie Centre), 200 Level, Winnipeg, MB, R3E 3P5, CA
    49.903563 -97.160554
  • Sciences and Technology LibraryBorrow it
    186 Dysart Road, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2M8, CA
    49.811526 -97.133257
  • Seven Oaks General Hospital LibraryBorrow it
    2300 McPhillips Street, Winnipeg, MB, R2V 3M3, CA
    49.955177 -97.148865
  • Sister St. Odilon Library (Misericordia Health Centre)Borrow it
    99 Cornish Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R3C 1A2, CA
    49.879592 -97.160425
  • St. John's College LibraryBorrow it
    92 Dysart Road, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2M5, CA
    49.811242 -97.137156
  • Victoria General Hospital LibraryBorrow it
    2340 Pembina Highway, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2E8, CA
    49.806755 -97.152739
  • William R Newman Library (Agriculture)Borrow it
    66 Dafoe Road, Winnipeg, MB, R3T 2R3, CA
    49.806936 -97.135525
Processing Feedback ...