The Resource Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems, by K.L. Ngai, (electronic resource)

Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems, by K.L. Ngai, (electronic resource)

Label
Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems
Title
Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems
Statement of responsibility
by K.L. Ngai
Creator
Author
Author
Subject
Language
  • eng
  • eng
Summary
Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems comprehensively presents a variety of experimental evidences of universal relaxation and diffusion properties in complex materials and systems. The materials discussed include liquids, glasses, colloids, polymers, rubbers, plastic crystals and aqueous mixtures, as well as carbohydrates, biomolecules, bioprotectants and pharmaceuticals. Due to the abundance of experimental data, emphasis is placed on glass-formers and the glass transition problem, a still unsolved problem in condensed matter physics and chemistry. The evidence for universal properties of relaxation and diffusion dynamics suggests that a fundamental physical law is at work. The origin of the universal properties is traced to the many-body effects of the interaction, rigorous theory of which does not exist at the present time. However, using solutions of simplified models as guides, key quantities have been identified and predictions of the universal properties generated. These predictions from Ngai’s Coupling Model can qualitatively as well as quantitatively explain the experimentally observed dynamic properties of different complex interacting materials and systems in many cases, essentially from the strength of the interaction. Change of relaxation and diffusion dynamics when dimension of the material is reduced to nanometer scale are consistent with the predictions. The success of the Coupling Model provides some measure of understanding the relaxation properties of complex interacting systems and also paves the way for the construction of rigorous theories in the future. Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems describes advances that affect many different areas of research, and will be of particular interest to those working in the fields of materials science, nanotechnology, energy and medicine
Member of
Is Subseries of
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Ngai, K.L
Dewey number
530.41
http://bibfra.me/vocab/relation/httpidlocgovvocabularyrelatorsaut
lERDA56Cu4U
Language note
English
LC call number
QC173.45-173.458
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
dictionaries
Series statement
Partially Ordered Systems,
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Engineering
  • Phase Transitions and Multiphase Systems
  • Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Materials
  • Complexity
Label
Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems, by K.L. Ngai, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Description based upon print version of record
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Contents
Introduction -- Universal Relaxation and Diffusion Properties in Complex Systems -- Experimental Evidences -- Computer Simulations -- Theoretical Modeling and Interpretations -- Many-Body Relaxation Dynamic and Relation to Chaos -- Glass Transition and the Glassy State -- Role of Thermodynamics, Volume, Entropy and Temperature -- Polymer Viscoelasticity -- Ionic Conductivity Relaxation in Ionically Conducting Materials -- Relaxation and Diffusion at Nanometer Scales -- Relaxation in Biomolecules
Dimensions
unknown
Edition
1st ed. 2011.
Extent
1 online resource (852 p.)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781299337633
Media category
computer
Media type code
  • c
Other control number
10.1007/978-1-4419-7649-9
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)2670000000076220
  • (EBL)691320
  • (OCoLC)719363293
  • (SSID)ssj0000508610
  • (PQKBManifestationID)11323695
  • (PQKBTitleCode)TC0000508610
  • (PQKBWorkID)10555680
  • (PQKB)10092703
  • (DE-He213)978-1-4419-7649-9
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC691320
  • (EXLCZ)992670000000076220
Label
Relaxation and Diffusion in Complex Systems, by K.L. Ngai, (electronic resource)
Publication
Note
Description based upon print version of record
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references and index
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Contents
Introduction -- Universal Relaxation and Diffusion Properties in Complex Systems -- Experimental Evidences -- Computer Simulations -- Theoretical Modeling and Interpretations -- Many-Body Relaxation Dynamic and Relation to Chaos -- Glass Transition and the Glassy State -- Role of Thermodynamics, Volume, Entropy and Temperature -- Polymer Viscoelasticity -- Ionic Conductivity Relaxation in Ionically Conducting Materials -- Relaxation and Diffusion at Nanometer Scales -- Relaxation in Biomolecules
Dimensions
unknown
Edition
1st ed. 2011.
Extent
1 online resource (852 p.)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781299337633
Media category
computer
Media type code
  • c
Other control number
10.1007/978-1-4419-7649-9
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)2670000000076220
  • (EBL)691320
  • (OCoLC)719363293
  • (SSID)ssj0000508610
  • (PQKBManifestationID)11323695
  • (PQKBTitleCode)TC0000508610
  • (PQKBWorkID)10555680
  • (PQKB)10092703
  • (DE-He213)978-1-4419-7649-9
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC691320
  • (EXLCZ)992670000000076220

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