The Resource Understatements and hedges in English, Axel Hübler, (electronic resource)

Understatements and hedges in English, Axel Hübler, (electronic resource)

Label
Understatements and hedges in English
Title
Understatements and hedges in English
Statement of responsibility
Axel Hübler
Creator
Subject
Genre
Language
  • eng
  • eng
Summary
The goal of this monograph is a comprehensive analysis of understatements and other forms of non-direct speech (hedges) in modern English. It is based on a multi-level approach, including philosophical, cultural, and socio-psychological arguments. The main part consists of an investigation of the linguistic restrictions for understatements and hedges to be formed by means of the following grammatical categories: negation of predicates, gradation of predicates, modalization of affirmative sentences by means of parenthetical verbs, modal adverbs, modal verbs, and questions
Member of
Cataloging source
MiAaPQ
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Hübler, Axel
Dewey number
  • 420.1/9
  • 420.19
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Language note
English
LC call number
PE1445.U54
LC item number
H8 1983
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
Series statement
Pragmatics & beyond,
Series volume
4:6
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Figures of speech
  • Understatement
  • English language
  • National characteristics, English
  • English language
Label
Understatements and hedges in English, Axel Hübler, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
Revision and translation of thesis (Habilitation)--University of Duisburg, 1981
Bibliography note
Bibliography: p. [183]-192
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Contents
  • UNDERSTATEMENTSAND HEDGES IN ENGLISH; Editorial page; Title page; Table of contents; PREFACE; 0. INTRODUCTION; 1. GUIDELINES TO UNDERSTATEMENTS AND HEDGES; 1.1. The sentence and its negatability; 1.1.1. Projective character of sentences; 1.1.2. Negatability of sentences; 1.2. Liability constraints of the sentence; 1.2.1. Liability constraints and argumentation basis of the sentence; 1.2.2. Liability and indetermination; 1.2.3. Specification of the concept of indetermination; 1.3. Working definition and working perspective; 2. PHRASTIC INDETERMINATION AS A DEVICE FOR FORMING UNDERSTATEMENTS
  • 2.1. Negation of predicates2.1.1. Negation; 2.1.1.1. Kinds of negation; 2.1.1.2. Semantics of negation; 2.1.2. Predicates; 2.1.2.1. Delimitations; 2.1.2.2. Scalability of adjectives; 2.1.2.3. Scalability of verbs and nouns; 2.1.3. Negative predications; 2.1.3.1. Affixal negation of predicates; 2.1.3.2. Free-morpheme negation of predicates; 2.1.4. Summary; 2.2. Detensification of predicates by grading adverbs; 2.2.1. Grading; 2.2.1.1. Grading and attributive modification; 2.2.1.2. Grading and modal modification; 2.2.1.3. Adverbs of degree
  • 2.2.1.4. Classification of (detensifying) adverbs of degree2.2.1.5. Detensification of predicates; 2.2.1.6. Detensification and indetermination; 2.2.2. Relationship of detensified and categorical predicates; 2.2.2.1. Negativity and positivity; 2.2.2.2. Speaker's perspective; 2.2.2.3. Grammaticization and idiomaticity; 2.2.2.4. Antonymicity; 2.2.3. Summary; 3. NEUSTIC INDETERMINATION AS A DEVICE FOR FORMING HEDGES; 3.1. Factivity and modality; 3.2. Questions; 3.2.1. Question forms - assertion forms; 3.2.2. Declarative questions; 3.2.3. Biased questions and rhetorical questions
  • 3.2.4. Tag q uestions3.2.5. Hedging function of questions; 3.3. Modalized assertory assertions; 3.3.1. General characterization; 3.3.2. Repertoire of modal expressions; 3.3.2.1. Parenthetical verbs; 3.3.2.2. Modal adverbs; 3.3.2.3. Modal verbs; 3.3.2.4. Synopsis of modal expressions; 3.3.3. Assertiveness of modal expressions; 3.4. Summary; 4. COMMUNICATIVE CONDITIONS FOR UNDERSTATEMENTS AND HEDGES; 4.1. Another look at negatability of sentences; 4.2. Communication as a possible threat to face; 4.3. Understatements and hedges as face saving strategies
  • 4.4. Face threatening acts and face saving strategies exemplified by praise and criticism4.4.1. The socially expected norm as a criterion for praise and criticism; 4.4.2. Calculating the seriousness of the threat to face; 4.4.3. Calculating the effectiveness of face saving strategies; 4.4.4. Choosing face saving strategies; 4.4.5. Stylistic differences; 4.5. Summary; FOOTNOTES; REFERENCES
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (202 p.)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781283359474
Media category
computer
Media type code
c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)2550000000072695
  • (EBL)805852
  • (OCoLC)769342246
  • (SSID)ssj0001101549
  • (PQKBManifestationID)11708165
  • (PQKBTitleCode)TC0001101549
  • (PQKBWorkID)11068289
  • (PQKB)10124299
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC805852
  • (EXLCZ)992550000000072695
Label
Understatements and hedges in English, Axel Hübler, (electronic resource)
Publication
Note
Revision and translation of thesis (Habilitation)--University of Duisburg, 1981
Bibliography note
Bibliography: p. [183]-192
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
cr
Content category
text
Content type code
txt
Contents
  • UNDERSTATEMENTSAND HEDGES IN ENGLISH; Editorial page; Title page; Table of contents; PREFACE; 0. INTRODUCTION; 1. GUIDELINES TO UNDERSTATEMENTS AND HEDGES; 1.1. The sentence and its negatability; 1.1.1. Projective character of sentences; 1.1.2. Negatability of sentences; 1.2. Liability constraints of the sentence; 1.2.1. Liability constraints and argumentation basis of the sentence; 1.2.2. Liability and indetermination; 1.2.3. Specification of the concept of indetermination; 1.3. Working definition and working perspective; 2. PHRASTIC INDETERMINATION AS A DEVICE FOR FORMING UNDERSTATEMENTS
  • 2.1. Negation of predicates2.1.1. Negation; 2.1.1.1. Kinds of negation; 2.1.1.2. Semantics of negation; 2.1.2. Predicates; 2.1.2.1. Delimitations; 2.1.2.2. Scalability of adjectives; 2.1.2.3. Scalability of verbs and nouns; 2.1.3. Negative predications; 2.1.3.1. Affixal negation of predicates; 2.1.3.2. Free-morpheme negation of predicates; 2.1.4. Summary; 2.2. Detensification of predicates by grading adverbs; 2.2.1. Grading; 2.2.1.1. Grading and attributive modification; 2.2.1.2. Grading and modal modification; 2.2.1.3. Adverbs of degree
  • 2.2.1.4. Classification of (detensifying) adverbs of degree2.2.1.5. Detensification of predicates; 2.2.1.6. Detensification and indetermination; 2.2.2. Relationship of detensified and categorical predicates; 2.2.2.1. Negativity and positivity; 2.2.2.2. Speaker's perspective; 2.2.2.3. Grammaticization and idiomaticity; 2.2.2.4. Antonymicity; 2.2.3. Summary; 3. NEUSTIC INDETERMINATION AS A DEVICE FOR FORMING HEDGES; 3.1. Factivity and modality; 3.2. Questions; 3.2.1. Question forms - assertion forms; 3.2.2. Declarative questions; 3.2.3. Biased questions and rhetorical questions
  • 3.2.4. Tag q uestions3.2.5. Hedging function of questions; 3.3. Modalized assertory assertions; 3.3.1. General characterization; 3.3.2. Repertoire of modal expressions; 3.3.2.1. Parenthetical verbs; 3.3.2.2. Modal adverbs; 3.3.2.3. Modal verbs; 3.3.2.4. Synopsis of modal expressions; 3.3.3. Assertiveness of modal expressions; 3.4. Summary; 4. COMMUNICATIVE CONDITIONS FOR UNDERSTATEMENTS AND HEDGES; 4.1. Another look at negatability of sentences; 4.2. Communication as a possible threat to face; 4.3. Understatements and hedges as face saving strategies
  • 4.4. Face threatening acts and face saving strategies exemplified by praise and criticism4.4.1. The socially expected norm as a criterion for praise and criticism; 4.4.2. Calculating the seriousness of the threat to face; 4.4.3. Calculating the effectiveness of face saving strategies; 4.4.4. Choosing face saving strategies; 4.4.5. Stylistic differences; 4.5. Summary; FOOTNOTES; REFERENCES
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (202 p.)
Form of item
online
Isbn
9781283359474
Media category
computer
Media type code
c
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
  • (CKB)2550000000072695
  • (EBL)805852
  • (OCoLC)769342246
  • (SSID)ssj0001101549
  • (PQKBManifestationID)11708165
  • (PQKBTitleCode)TC0001101549
  • (PQKBWorkID)11068289
  • (PQKB)10124299
  • (MiAaPQ)EBC805852
  • (EXLCZ)992550000000072695

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